Water Gardening


You must have a pump AND a filter. Don’t let anyone tell you different! It doesn’t matter if your pond is a whiskey barrel on your patio or a preformed 4000 gallon pond. Our rule of thumb is that EVERY gallon of water needs to be turned over (pumped through a filter(s)*) each hour. However, … [Read More]

Oxygenating Plants

These are extremely important to establish clear water, provide food for fish and insects and offer a spawning area for fish and frogs. The underwater leaves act as oxygenators and absorb both minerals and carbon dioxide which help to starve out the algae. Oxygen production is of less importance, despite the common name. These are … [Read More]

Underwater Plants

Only a few varieties are available, but they are very useful where water lilies are absent or are not yet established. Their leaves help to keep water clear and the fish cool in summer. The recommended planting depth is 1′ or more depending upon the variety. Shallower planting may result in leaves held above the … [Read More]

Why Plants & Which Ones?

Plants are essential for any pond. They help clean the water and provide food and shelter for fish, wildlife and beneficial insects. The easiest way to grow pond plants is in a pot, set beneath the water on that wonderful ledge you made, or on bricks or blocks stacked on the bottom of the pond. … [Read More]

Marginal Plants

The marginals role is purely ornamental as they do not play a vital part in maintaining a satisfactory balance in the pond. They serve two functions. The boundary between the water and the pond side is softened which is often desirable in a formal pond and always essential in an informal pond. They also provide … [Read More]

Mechanical Filtration

Mechanical filters are inexpensive and almost always installed inside the pond. A pump is located inside a filter box and draws water in through layers of filter mats. Some mechanical filters have the pump attached to a filter with tubing. The pump pulls water through the filter mats and releases it back to the pond. … [Read More]

Floating Plants

The floaters main purpose is to provide surface coverage where water lilies or deep-water aquatics are sparse or absent. These may also be considered ornamental. There are two basic types. The carpeters such as Lemna and Azolla which can cover the whole surface with tiny leaves, and the non-carpeters which have larger leaves and tend … [Read More]

Filtration Types

There are two basic types of filtration - mechanical and biological. The purpose of a mechanical filter is to screen dirt, solid waste and algae out before it gets to the pump. This type of filter can be high maintenance as it requires cleaning several times a week, and sometimes everyday, depending upon how dirty … [Read More]

Hardy Water Lilies

Hardy water lilies come in few color variations, but are hardy in our zone. They are not harmed by winter cold unless water is frozen solid around the crown. Tropical water lilies will not withstand our harsh winters but are extremely rewarding to those who grow them. Tropical lilies come in almost any color. They … [Read More]

Bog Plants

Bog plants require damp humus-rich soil which does not dry out. However, they will not survive in permanently water-logged soil either. The best location for bog plants is in a shallow stream, or along the side of the pond where water is allowed to enter the bog area. There is no clear-cut definition as what … [Read More]