Plant Information

Information for all our gardeners and plant enthusiasts. The documents cover everything from plants who live well in shaded areas to the possible salt tolerance of different plants.

Plants for Shady Sites

Trees & Evergreens
  • Dogwood, Pagoda
  • Fir, Balsam
  • Hackberry
  • Hemlock, Canadian
  • Hornbeam, American
  • Hydrangea
  • Ironwood
  • Maple, Red
  • Serviceberry
  • Spruce, Black
  • Spruce, White
Shrubs
  • Azalea
  • Burningbush
  • Coralberry
  • Clethra
  • Currant, Alpine
  • Dogwood
  • Honeysuckle
  • Hydrangea
  • Ninebark
  • Privet
  • Rhododendron
  • Snowberry
  • Sumac, Fragrant
  • Witchhazel
  • Winterberry
  • Viburnum
  • Yew
Perennials & Grasses
  • Ajuga
  • Aralia
  • Astilbe
  • Bleeding Heart
  • Blue Star (Amsonia)
  • Bugbane
  • Columbine
  • Coral Bells
  • False Forget-Me-Not
  • Ferns
  • Foxglove
  • Ginger, Wild
  • Goat’s Beard
  • Golden Forest Grass
  • Globe Flower
  • Heucherella
  • Hosta
  • Jacob’s Ladder
  • Lenten Rose
  • Ligularia
  • Lungwort
  • Meadowrue
  • Phlox, Woodland
  • Spiderwort
  • Turtlehead
  • Woodruff, Sweet

Deep Shade

  • Barrenwort
  • Bergenia
  • Bugbane
  • Ferns
  • False Forget-Me-Not
  • Ginger, Wilde
  • Hosta
  • Lily of the Valley
  • Periwinkle
  • Snow on the Mountain
  • Spurge, Japanese

Dry Shade

  • Ajuga
  • Anemone
  • Barrenwort
  • Bunchberry
  • Coral Bells
  • Ferns
  • Foam Flower
  • Geranium
  • Hosta
  • Lady’s Mantle
  • Lamium
  • Lilyturf
  • Periwinkle
  • Ribbon Grass
  • Solomon’s Seal
  • Spurge, Japanese
  • Toad Lily

Deer Damage to Landscape Plants

Rarely Damaged
  • Barberry
  • Black Eyed Susan
  • Birch, Paper
  • Blazing Star
  • Blue Star (Amsonia)
  • Boxwood
  • Clethra
  • Cypress, Russian
  • Fern, Japanese
  • Painted
  • Geranium
  • Ginkgo
  • Hydrangea
  • Hyssop, Anise
  • Lamb’s Ear
  • Lavender
  • Monarda
  • Peony
  • Potentilla
  • Rosemary
  • Sage, Russian
  • Spirea
  • Spruce, Colorado
  • Veronica
  • Viburnum, Arrowwood
  • Yarrow
Seldom Severely Damaged
  • Columbine
  • Dogwood, Redtwig
  • Forsythia
  • Honeylocust
  • Juniper, Chinese
  • Lilac, Common
  • Pine, Austrian
  • Pine, Mugo
  • Pine, Scotch
  • Spruce, Norway
  • Spruce, White
  • Sumac, Fragrant
  • Yew
Occasionally Severely Damaged
  • Coral Bells
  • Maple, Red
  • Maple, Sugar
  • Serviceberry
  • Witchhazel
  • Cotoneaster
  • Dogwood, Gray
  • Fir, Concolor
Frequently Severely Damaged
  • Apple
  • Arborvitae
  • Azalea
  • Burningbush
  • Cherry
  • Crabapple
  • Hosta
  • Maple, Norway
  • Plum
  • Redbud
  • Rhododendron
  • Sedum

Rabbit Damage to Landscape Plants

Seldom Damaged
  • Astilbe
  • Azalea
  • Bleeding Heart
  • Boxwood
  • Columbine
  • Daylily
  • Foxglove
  • Lamium
  • Lily of the Valley
  • Hydrangea
  • Monarda
  • Peony
  • Phlox, Creeping
  • Pine, White
  • Poppy
  • Potentilla
  • Phododendron
  • Rosemary
  • Scabiosa
  • Sea Thrift
  • Spruce
  • Yew
Heavily Damaged
  • Apples
  • Ash, Mountain
  • Barberry
  • Burningbush
  • Cotoneaster
  • Crabapple
  • Dogwood
  • Lilac, Miss Kim
  • Linden
  • Maple, Red
  • Maple, Sugar
  • Sandcherry, Purpleleaf
  • Serviceberry
  • Sumac
  • Viburnum
  • Willow
  • Witchhazel
  • Yarrow

Susceptibility of Trees to Ice Storm Damage

Resistant
  • Coffeetree
  • Ginkgo
  • Hemlock
  • Hornbeam, American
  • Ironwood
  • Linden, Littleleaf
  • Oak, white
  • Oak, Swamp White
Intermediate
  • Maple, Red
  • Maple, Sugar
  • Oak, Burr
  • Oak, Red
  • Pine, White
Susceptible
  • Hackberry
  • Honeylocust
  • Linden, American
  • Maple, Silver

Boulevard Trees

Trees
  • Sienna Glen Maple
  • State Street Maple
  • Columnar Norway Maple
  • Spaeth’s Alder
  • Prairie Dream Paper Birch
  • Ginkgo
  • Princeton Sentry Ginkgo
  • Street Keeper Honeylocust
  • True North Kentucky Coffeetree
  • Marilee Flowering Crabapple
  • Tupelo Tower Black Gum
  • American Sentry Linden
  • Boulevard Linden
  • Greenspire Linden

Shrubs for Mass Planting

Examples
  • Cockberry, Black
  • Clethra
  • Dogwood
  • Elder, American
  • Hazelnut
  • Honeysuckle, Dwarf
  • Bush
  • Juniper
  • Spirea, Ashleaf
  • Sumac, Fragrant
  • Sumac, Smooth
  • Sumac, Staghorn

Salt Tolerance of Plants

Evergreens, Trees, and Shrubs

High Tolerance

  • Barberry
  • Coffeetree
  • Currant, Alpine
  • Forsythia
  • Ginkgo
  • Honeylocust
  • Maple, Norway
  • Oak, Bur
  • Oak, Red
  • Pine, Mugo
  • Potentilla
  • Rose, Rugosa
  • Serviceberry
  • Snowberry
  • Spruce, Colorado
  • Sumac, Fragrant

Moderate Tolerance

  • Arborvitae
  • Aspen
  • Birch
  • Chokeberry, Black
  • Clethra
  • Elm, American
  • Lilac, Common
  • Maple, Amur
  • Pine, Scotch
  • Spirea
  • Sumac, Smooth
  • Viburnum, Arrowwood

Low Tolerance

  • Burningbush
  • Dogwood, Redtwig
  • Hackberry
  • Hornbeam, American
  • Linden, American
  • Maple, Red
  • Maple, Sugar
  • Pine, White
  • Viburnum, American
Perennials & Grasses

High Tolerance

  • Yarrow
  • Iris, Bearded
  • Fountain Grass
  • Daylily
  • Monarda
  • Hosta
  • Switchgrass

Tolerance of Plants to Poorly Drained Soil

Tolerant
  • Aster, New England
  • Birch, River
  • Dogwood, Gray
  • Dogwood, Redtwig
  • Fern, Sensitive
  • Larch, American
  • Maple, Freeman
  • Maple, Red
  • Milkweed, Swamp
  • Oak, Swamp White
  • Willow
  • Winterberry
Intolerant
  • Butterfly Weed
  • Fir
  • Coral Bells
  • Lilac
  • Linden, American
  • Little Bluestem
  • Maple, Sugar
  • Oak, White
  • Pine, White
  • Redbud
  • Sedum

Tolerance of Trees & Shrubs to High pH

Tolerant
  • Coffeetree
  • Crabapple
  • Ginkgo
  • Hackberry
  • Honeylocust
  • Ironwood
  • Lilac, Japanese Tree
  • Maple, Norway
  • Oak, Burr
Intolerant
  • Birch, River
  • Clethra
  • Fothergilla
  • Maple, Red
  • Oak, Pin
  • Winterberry

Tolerance of Trees to Restricted Space

Tolerant
  • Catalpa, Northern
  • Crabapple
  • Ginkgo
  • Hawthorn, Thornless
  • Cockspur
  • Honeylocust
  • Linden, American
  • Maple, Tatarian
Intolerant
  • Ash, Mountain
  • Cherries
  • Maple, Red
  • Oak
  • Plum
  • Redbud, Eastern
  • Serviceberry