Plant Type: Perennials
Vibrant scarlet red flowers top the stout, square stems of this Monarda from midsummer to early fall. It has demonstrated a high resistance to mildew. Monarda is native to eastern North America, so it is easy to grow and it multiplies quickly. The flowers' sweet nectar attracts scores of hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees to the garden. The aromatic foliage smells like mint when crushed and is often used to flavor teas.
Growing & Maintenance Tips:
Monarda can be found naturally along riverbanks and enjoys this rich, organic, moist soil. However, it will grow in average soil as well. Full sun is best, but light shade is tolerated. Plants tend to spread more quickly in the shade, however. Most Monardas multiply rapidly either by underground stems or self-sowing. In order to keep plants healthy and vigorous, they should be divided at least every three years in the spring. Deadheading spent blooms will prolong the bloom time. Powdery mildew is a common fungal problem with Monarda. Some varieties are more resistant to it than others. To prevent this fungus from appearing, large clumps should be thinned out so that the air circulates freely around them. The soil should also be kept consistently moist; dry soil promotes powdery mildew.
Flower ColorScarlet red
Plant Spread2-3 ft.
Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia fulgida), Coneflower-White (Echinacea purpurea), Daylily (Hemerocallis ), False Sunflower (Heliopsis ), Gayfeather (Liatris spicata), Goat's Beard (Aruncus dioicus), Rose Mallow (Hibiscus ), Shasta Daisy (Leucanthemum superbum), Speedwell (Veronica ), Yarrow (Achillea ), Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Plant Height2-3 ft.
Soil MoistureAverage and consistent water needs
Characteristics & Attributes
Fragrant flowers or foliage, Border, Mass plant, Cut flower or foliage
Bloom TimeMid summer through early fall
Critter ResistanceDeer resistant
ExposureFull sun to part shade